All wrapped up: Ayutthaya’s infamous Wat Mahathat temple

Ayutthaya, Day Trips, Evergreen, Temples, Thailand / Thursday, October 24th, 2013

Wat Mahathat, Ayutthaya

Having lived in Thailand for almost a year and travelled here on and off for just over five years since the spring of 2008, when I made a day trip to Ayutthaya in June it was to be the first time I had set foot inside the grounds of Wat Mahathat. That this temple complex, in the ancient Thai capital and now UNESCO World Heritage Site, houses arguably one of the country’s most photographed tourist sights makes it even more of a wonder that I had managed to spend so much time here without visiting. Just about every tourist who has stepped even slightly off the well-worn Bangkok-Chiang Mai-some-island-in-the-south trail has taken their own version of this instantly recognisable photo.

Wat Mahathat

Wat Mahathat is often the first stop for many visiting Ayutthaya, and it’s easy to see why. The site has a rich history, its construction having been started back in 1374 during the reign of King Boromma Rachathirat I. It has been reconstructed a number of times -its main prang spire first collapsed in the early seventeenth century and, as part of the work to restore it, it was also made taller. In fact, at 51 metres high it became Ayutthaya’s tallest monument in history.

Wat Mahathat

However, the temple needed further restoration work in the first half of the 1700s, before being burned in 1767 when the Ayutthaya capital was sacked during the Burmese invasion – still evidenced today by the shocking decapitated buddha figures they left behind. Then in the early twentieth century (1904 or 1911 depending on who you ask) it collapsed for the final time. In the years to follow, looters are said to have taken their chance at digging for treasure, and local folk tale even has it that the police hired to protect the temple used dynamite at the site in the hope of uncovering riches.

Wat Mahathat

Since then the site has largely remained in ruins, though the central area of the prang was excavated by the Thailand Fine Arts Department in 1956. Today, the rather dishevelled nature of Wat Mahathat only adds to its appeal, a number of the former complex’s spires doing their very best to defy gravity but leaning increasingly in a way that makes them look like they belong in Pisa. A large and spacious site bathed in rich sunlight and yet with the shade of a number of large trees, it has a decidedly calm and soothing feel about it – provided you don’t spend too long among the small crowds that gather around the principal attraction, a Buddha head entangled in the roots of an age-old Banyan tree.

Wat Mahathat

The origin and history of this infamous buddha head is less than clear, and a number of theories exist as to how it ended up in its current position. It is generally assumed that the figure fell to the ground during the burning and destruction of the temple complex by the Burmese. According to some, folklore holds that the roots of the tree then reached out and embraced it, recognising how holy it is.

Wat Mahathat

Others perhaps more rationally conclude that it simply laid there for so long, given the temple remained in utter ruin and abandon for over a hundred years, that the tree grew around and covered the head. Aside from the suggestion that a thief was caught red-handed and dropped the head to flee, or couldn’t quite manage carrying the weight over the wall and left it next to a tree, it is also possible that it was left behind during the Fine Arts Department’s restoration.

Wat Mahathat

Whatever the background, today it makes for an unusual and captivating sight for foreign tourists and holidaying Thais alike – something akin to the bizarreness of the whole temple shrouded in a tree at Wat Bang Kung or, say, a fresh market with a train running right through it eight times a day (both in Mae Klong). But it is remains too a hugely sacred site, so you’re expected to dress reasonably well (though not as strictly as elsewhere, given this is a site of ruins rather than a functioning temple) and remain positioned low while taking photographs – not towering over the buddha image. Because of this, you also shouldn’t expect to get as close up as postcards would have you believe, since there’s a small barrier a little way back from the tree and a guard there to make sure you’re on your best behaviour.

Wat Mahathat

But buddha head or no buddha head (and it’s true that, if you’re a total cheapskate, you can see much of the snap-happy opportunity from outside the complex and avoid paying the admission fee), for me a large part of the attraction of Wat Mahathat is the serenity of the complex as a whole. Again outside of the fee-paying area, the grassy banks of the Rama National Park’s Bueng Pharam lake are lined with trees that provide some much welcome shade and make for the perfect spot to pop yourself down and soak up some countryside calm and fresh air. If like me you’re on a day-trip from the smog and choking traffic of Bangkok, no doubt this little dose of peace and calm will come as a relief.

Wat Mahathat

Though the temple as a whole does at times pack out with foreign tour groups and the buddha head has such a reputation that the area around it attracts a pretty much constant stream of photographers and posers, the rest of the complex has a much calmer feel – and often a very local one, too. Sat by the river in particular, you can expect to have a few Thai families for company, likely to strike up friendly conversation as one or two did with me. It’s possible to make a day trip to Wat Mahathat and a few surrounding sights on a very low budget – I did the whole day for 163 baht all-inclusive from home in Bangkok – and, if that’s your plan, then an hour or two perched by the water with a book and some great views can be a relaxing and low-cost part of the excursion.

Wat Mahathat

To get to Ayutthaya, take one of the 35 daily departures from Bangkok’s Hualumphong railway station – services run up to every ten minutes and a ticket on an ‘ordinary’ commuter train will cost you 20 baht (Thai citizens go free) for the roughly 90-minute journey. Buses and minivans also operate from Bangkok’s northern Mo Chit bus terminal and will get you there more quickly.

Wat Mahathat

On arrival by train, avoid any lingering tuk-tuk drivers and instead cross the main road outside the station, walk down to the end of the small street directly opposite and take the 4-baht ferry across to the main ‘island’ of Ayutthaya that sits at the confluence of the Chaophraya, Lopburi and Pa Sak rivers. From there, it’s an easy 15-20 minute walk to the right along U-Thong Road, turning on to Naresuan Road and continuing until the junction with Sikun Road, from where you’ll be able to see Wat Mahathat on the other side of the road to your left. Alternatively, hop on a motorbike taxi for around 30 baht from the ferry drop-off point or a tuk-tuk, likely for slightly more.

Wat Mahathat operates a two-tiered pricing system, charging 50 baht admission for foreign tourists and 10 baht for those resident in Thailand (Thais and non-Thais). Despite reports to the contrary, there was pleasingly no objection to me paying the local price on production of my passport showing my permission to work here – though the member of staff did seem to want to almost whisper the cheaper price to me, presumably for fear of nearby foreign tourists finding out they were being charged five times more. Other nearby temples provide other sightseeing opportunities if you have more time to spare.

This post was updated on 10 May 2016 to remove reference to elephant rides available to tourists in Ayutthaya, which are widely regarded as inhumane. See this post on the Expique blog for more.

8 Replies to “All wrapped up: Ayutthaya’s infamous Wat Mahathat temple”

  1. Dear Chris

    I enjoyed your article, nicely done.
    But i would like to ask you to rethink your last comment. Why should the locals not enjoy e reduced price so see there own heritage and culture at price they can afford? 50THB is the normal price and 10THB the reduced one.

    1. Thanks for dropping by, Daniel. Wow, now there’s a discussion we’re not going to be able to have in a couple of minutes! Take a look at my post on dual pricing at Asiatique (and elsewhere) as a starter – it’s linked above – but in essence I have no problem with locals being able to see their own heritage and culture at a price they can afford. I also have no problem with foreign tourists paying a higher price in the case of state-run sites like this and other temples. But I do have a problem with two things: firstly, locally resident expats, who pay the same levels of tax as someone born here, being charged the same admission fee for a state-run site as a foreign tourist who pays no tax and so doesn’t contribute to its upkeep that way (and that’s not the case at Wat Mahathat, which I applauded). And secondly, I object to non-state-run enterprises like ferris wheels, aquariums and the like charging anyone a higher rate than anyone else – they’re not taxpayer funded so there should be no difference in charge between someone who lives here and someone who doesn’t. As an aside, I don’t believe for a minute that THB 50 is the regular price and THB 10 is the reduced one – it’s the other way around (regular vs. inflated), as evidenced by the number of spots that open up either charging no admission fee or with a flat rate for everyone, and then adopt a two-tiered system once they realise there’s more money to be made that way. Again – thanks for the comment and for your thoughts, and for giving me a chance to rant on one of my favourite topics! 🙂

  2. Nice post, you covered it well. I think you hit it on the nail when you say it’s such a relief after Bangkok – really nice, peaceful spot. The only thing I may not totally agree on is about avoiding the tuk tuks – depending on the driver and your negotiating power, it’s also a great way to see the temples. Our guy was great and it allowed us to see all the temples in a day trip;
    Good job on the blog,
    Frank (bbqboy)

    1. Thanks, and glad you enjoyed Ayutthaya. You’re right, tuk-tuks can work if you want to squeeze everything into a day trip – personally I think the beauty of places like Ayutthaya is taking it a bit more slowly, even if that means you don’t see the whole lot. But then I realise I’m fortunate to live in Bangkok and have Ayutthaya on my doorstep, and that not everyone is able to go back to fill in the gaps some other time. I think it’s wise to be wary of tuk-tuk drivers in touristy spots like around the train station as I mention, as if you let you’re guard down you’re setting yourself up to be ripped off – but you’re right, in the right circumstances they can be a wise choice. Thanks again for the comment!

  3. As I’ve been living in Ayutthaya for several years now, I’ve noticed there is some kind of “cooperation” going on between certain van drivers and tuk-tuk drivers in Ayutthaya, and I would like to inform tourists about it. It isn’t such a big deal, however, I feel like it isn’t fair treatment towards unknowing tourists.

    If you take a (direct) van from Victory monument to Ayutthaya, the van will take you all the way into Ayutthaya city center. The final stop is in a street known as Farang Street. This street got its name because of the large number of Farang (Westerners) staying there in Guesthouses, eating and having drinks there. If you tell the van driver you want to go to Farang Street, he’ll know where it is.

    However, many tourists don’t seem to know this, and I’ve witnessed at least a dozen times (usually during the weekends) that van drivers will stop about 15 minutes (several streets) before the final stop, and of course, very coincidently tuk-tuk drivers are waiting there. They will open the van door and with a strong voice say “Ayutthaya?… Ayutthaya?” and unknowing tourists think “Crap, I have to be in Ayutthaya, better get out here”

    At this point you’re already in Ayutthaya, and very close to Farang Street, the final stop, where most tourists end up any way, to find sleeping accommodations, etc. So basically, you think you have to get of the van, take a tuk-tuk, and be over charged (150 – 250 baht) to end up in the same place as the van would have taken you. I would like to remind you, you’ve already paid the van driver 60 baht to take you to Farang Street in Ayutthaya, the final stop.

    Be aware of this, and don’t panic when tuk-tuk drivers open the van door, and start addressing you by saying “Ayutthaya, Ayutthaya?”… unless you just want to have a tuk-tuk ride, driving you to Farang Street with a large detour. Or maybe you have to be somewhere else than Farang Street, you could opt to get out, however, you will find plenty of tuk-tuk drivers in Farang Street, who can always bring you to another destination.

    As I said before, most tourists want to be in Farang Street, or end up there, and personally I think it is your best starting point if you’re new in Ayutthaya. At least you’ll be able to find English speaking people, guesthouses, etc. that can give you useful Ayutthaya travel info (where to go, how to go, etc.) Have a nice trip!

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